There is a short section in the second edition of William Ince Cabinet Maker about the abolition of slavery in Jamaica. George Cowell, son-in-law of William Ince, who took on the Chancery Case that ended the partnership of Ince & Mayhew after Ann Ince died, had an interest in the Hopewell estate in Hanover, Jamaica as a trustee for his brother John, who had lent money to the owner, William White. The owner wanted to close the whole business in 1804, before the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. Slavery was not abolished in the British Caribbean until 1834 and the son of John Cowell was awarded over £7000 as compensation.
Charles Vogel Ince, son of Charles Ince married George Cowell's daughter Isabella. A notice about their wedding in 1828 in The Morning Chronicle states that Charles was of Kingston, Jamaica and their daughter Ada was born there in 1830. Charles was probably helping to run the sugar plantation. He died there in 1833. There were still 86 enslaved people on the estate in 1835, but no records to tell us who they were.
After abolition the newly freed men and women were bound into a system of apprenticeship so they were still not at liberty. The Centre for the Study of the Legacies of British Slave-ownership at University College London has a wealth of information.
A lovely tea chest is on offer in the Christie's auction Chieveley House, Berkshire and Five Private Collections to be held on 19th March.
It is dated around 1770 and is made of tulipwood and satinwood. The marquetry on the lid is amazing as it looks like a fluted frieze. Inside there are two rosewood lidded wells. The body is
inlaid with flowers, foliage and urns and has a coat-of-arms, consisting of a chevron between four double-headed eagles. Its provenance is the Property of the Earl and Countess of Perth; sold Christie’s, London, 18 April 1996, lot 4 and the estimate is £3,000-£5,000.
There is also an attractive serpentine shaped serving table. It is made of mahogany and has a fluted frieze with a goat mask at the centre. I wondered about the significance of the goat, as more often it's a ram's head that is depicted - something about sheep and goats comes to mind. It is dated around 1775. The estimate is £8,000 to £12,000.
Both these items are attributed to Ince & Mayhew, and there are also two tables in the manner of the firm.
Advanced notice that the new edition of William Ince Cabinet Maker is nearing completion. The manuscript is finished and I am just waiting for a few copyright permissions for images. All going well there will be an official book launch in a couple of months and I hope to be able to make some preview copies available at a special discount price for anyone willing to write a review.
This book will be about twice the size of the original with a greater emphasis on celebrating the work of William Ince. It will also include new information on his father and sisters in Worcestershire, his wife’s family in London and his son Frederick’s remarkable adventure in America taken from the letters he wrote to his family back in England between 1824 and 1836. There will be a chapter on John Mayhew and his family, including new research on John’s baptism and his siblings, and information about his children and grandchildren, including royal dentists and the State Trials for High Treason. There will also be information on some of William’s more notable descendants, including the colourful actress Annette Ince, who played Juliet to John Wilkes Booth’s Romeo and the artists Joseph Murray Ince, Charles Percy Ince and Charlotte Grace Cowell.
I will keep you posted.
I was pleased to read that the Metropolitan Museum in New York will be opening its new British Galleries early in 2020 and that the Croome Court Tapestry Room will be included. This includes the Ince & Mayhew furniture made for the Earl of Coventry in 1769-1771: two settees and six armchairs covered with tapestry from Gobelins in Paris with oval medallions which are reflected in the chair backs. Apparently Chippendale provided the dust covers for this furniture, including chamois stockings for the gilt legs. Ince & Mayhew also supplied the carved and gilt-framed mirror with a shell at the top. This was made in the very best double burnished gold, which means it would have had two coats of water gilding over the gesso and parts of the gold would have been heightened by burnishing.
1stDibs is an online gallery where professional dealers can advertise their items for sale in a great many different categories. It is New York based though the dealers are from all over the world. I initially searched the site on Mayhew and enjoyed the mixture of antique furniture and Star Wars memorabilia which resulted. (Peter Mayhew played Chewbacca in Star Wars for the uninitiated.) When I then filtered by Ince & Mayhew 42 items came up for sale; some are attributed to the firm, some ascribed, some are in the manner of and some are by somebody else but Ince and Mayhew are mentioned in the description. I found seven items that were definitely made by them.
Prices range from £14,750 for a Sheraton style dressing table, one of the wonderful metamorphic tables that unfolds, but which has no provenance, to £485,000 for a serpentine commode, which is exquisitely executed. I am particularly taken with the brushing slide with ivy decoration that lies above the two doors on the front. One of the commodes at Croome Court has a similar slide which would have been used as a flat surface for brushing clothes.
There is also a dumb waiter for sale at £17,000, probably from Clytha Castle in Monmouthshire. The purchaser, William Jones, kept a detailed ledger which records payments of £1,000 to Mayhew & Ince between 1791-1792. Other items that came from Clytha Castle are the pair of card tables that were sold in 2013 at Sotheby’s New York for £77,000. See 18th May 2016 blog entry.
Finally there is an extremely fine copy of the Universal System of Household Furniture for sale at £25,000. This copy has notes and drawings made by the cabinet maker who originally bought it.
Nine direct descendants of William Ince were amongst the party that were given a superb private tour of Sherborne Castle in July. The archivist, Ann Smith, shared the information she had gathered from the accounts, showed us round the rooms and then turned the pages of the 1762 copy of the Universal System of Household Furniture which resides in the Library. William Ince drew at least 75 of the 95 designs, so it was a great delight to enjoy his work,
We saw twenty-one pieces made by Ince & Mayhew, including lovely bedroom furniture, two wonderful marquetry inlaid mahogany commodes, and a metamorphic dressing-table made from yew. As there are no bills to indicate exactly which pieces of furniture came from the firm, it was possible to suggest that a delightful marquetry box was also made by them.
A number of the party intend returning to the Castle, as it is so well laid out and pleasant and we realised we had not had time to pay attention to the rest of the contents. Nor did we spend enough time fully enjoying the gardens, one of the first commissions of Capability Brown, who was working on it at the same time as working at Croome Court, where Ince & Mayhew also contributed a lot of furniture and work including hanging tapestries and dealing with the damp!
As may have become apparent, it is the beautiful marquetry that Ince & Mayhew produced that has had the most impact on me. I am amazed at how an image of a flower or a violin can be transformed into a flat wooden surface, using many different woods. They would have originally been painted bright colours which would have made the impact even greater.
Every so often I have wondered about going to the Metropolitan Museum in New York in order to see the Tapestry Room from Croome Court, with the chairs and sofa, and the pier mirror made by Ince & Mayhew. Looking it up on the website recently I discovered it is no longer on display. However, there is a cabinet in the museum made by the firm, which has the most amazing marquetry depicting a violin and some music. The cabinet is made of pine and veenered with satinwood, mahogany, burl, yew and purplewood. It was once in the Sir George Donaldson collection. The intricacy of this piece is just incredible. How did they do the strings on the bow? And the notes of the music? It must have taken hours of painstaking work to produce. Alas, this piece is not on display either.
I then found an article in the 2016 Mallets catalogue which listed this cabinet along with 7 others all with very similar shape and style, one of which is nearly identical to the one in the Metropolitan Museum. The top of this one depicts a sheet of music draped over what is probably a recorder or a flute. Sheer delight! What artistry! This piece was offered by Christie’s in the 1994 Sir Michael Sobell collection auction but withdrawn from sale. It had also been owned by Lilian S Whitmarsh, Sir Anthony de Rothschild Bt, Aston Clinton and Lord Leverhulme.
https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/202256?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=john+mayhew&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=12 (Accessed: 28 Mar 2019)
https://issuu.com/mallett/docs/mallett_2016_catalogue_new_version pages 116-119 (Accessed: 28 Mar 2019)
Sarah Ingle is the great great great great grand-daughter of William Ince and has been researching her family history for a number of years. She thoroughly enjoyed the detective work involved in tracing William’s lineage.